黄京华,孙晨瑜.浅析丛枝菌根共生的生态学意义[J].中南民族大学学报自然科学版,2018,(4):45-50
浅析丛枝菌根共生的生态学意义
Ecological Significance of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
  
DOI:10.12130/znmdzk.20180410
中文关键词: 丛枝菌根  丛枝菌根真菌  共生  生态学意义
英文关键词: arbuscular mycorrhiza  arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi  symbiosis  ecological significance
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(31260092)
作者单位
黄京华,孙晨瑜* 广西大学 农学院 南宁 530004 
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中文摘要:
      丛枝菌根( AM) 共生是已知最为常见的植物与微生物共生的现象. 丛枝菌根真菌可以促进植物生长, 改善营养条件,提高抗逆性和抗病性. 菌丝网络改善了土壤颗粒聚集等土壤特性,从而提高了土壤对风和水侵蚀的抵抗力,减少了土壤中的养分淋失, 有助于保持土壤中的养分, 并降低地下水污染的风险. 除此之外, AM 共生对于放射性核素和重金属的治理、减少农药的使用、促进农业可持续发展和维持生态系统的多功能性等方面起着至关重要的作用,生态学意义十分显著.
英文摘要:
      Arbuscular mycorrhiza ( AM) symbiosis is the most common phenomenon in plants and microorganisms. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi can promote plant growth, improve nutritional conditions, and improve stress or disease resistance. The mycorrhiza network improves soil properties such as soil particle aggregation, thereby increasing soil resistance to wind and water erosion, reducing nutrient leaching in the soil, helping to maintain nutrients in the soil and reducing the risk of groundwater contamination. In addition, AM symbiosis plays a vital role in the management of radionuclides and heavy metals, reducing the use of pesticides, promoting the sustainable development of agriculture and maintaining the versatility of ecosystems. Therefore, arbuscular mycorrhiza is of great ecological significance.
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