杨根林 胡佳莫 高云 冷应天 谭凤琼 关云琳.丽江纳西族药用植物传统利用情况的调查及发展对策[J].中南民族大学学报自然科学版,2020,39(1):62-66
丽江纳西族药用植物传统利用情况的调查及发展对策
Investigation and development countermeasures of traditional utilization of Naxi medicinal plants in Lijiang
  
DOI:10.12130/znmdzk.20200112
中文关键词: 丽江  纳西族  药用植物  利用情况  发展对策
英文关键词: Lijiang  Ethnic Naxi  ethnic medicinal plants  utilization situation  development countermeasure
基金项目:中央财政林业科技推广示范资金项目(云[2016]TG08,云2018TG19号);云南省重大科技专项计划项目(2018ZG001);丽江市第四批中青年学术和技术带头人培养对象培养计划.
作者单位
杨根林 胡佳莫 高云 冷应天 谭凤琼 关云琳 丽江市林业科学研究所丽江 674100 
摘要点击次数: 2110
全文下载次数: 1995
中文摘要:
      通过查阅前人的研究文献、民间走访、调查传统集市等方法,对丽江地区纳西族传统药用植物进行了调查,结果表明丽江地区纳西族常用的植物类药材304味,经考证隶属于112科256属383种植物. 传统药用植物在种类上具有种类多、可替代性强、经济价值高等特点,在应用上具有食用方法、用途、治疗方案多样化等特点. 但纳西医药目前存在对民间验方挖掘与整理不足、验方面临失传的问题,用药安全性问题,珍贵野生药用植物利用与保护之间的矛盾等问题. 针对上述问题,建议开展系统挖掘整理纳西族医药、保护纳西族传统药用植物的生境、对生长在流石滩等脆弱生境下的重要野生药用植物开展人工驯化栽培,实现丽江地区纳西族传统利用药用植物文化的有效传承与大规模开发应用.
英文摘要:
      By consulting the previous research literature, folk visits, investigation of traditional bazaars and other methods, the traditional medicinal plants of Naxi ethnic in Lijiang area were investigated. The results showed that 304 herbs are commonly used by Naxi people in Lijiang,which belonged to 383 species of plants belonging to 256 genera and 112 families. Naxi medicinnal plants have the characteristics of many kinds, strong substitutability, high economic value and so on. The traditional use of medicinal plants has the diversified characteristics on edible methods, application ,, and treatment schemes. However, there are some problems yet, such as insufficient excavation and arrangement of Naxi medicine, drug safety, contradiction between protection and utilization, change of traditional herbs enviroment and so on.Aiming at these problems,?suggested to carry out systematic excavation and arrangement of Naxi medicine, protecttraditional herbs enviroments, strengthen the propaganda of popular science, and carry out artificial domestication and cultivation. These methods are the keys to realize the effective inheritance, excavation and development of the traditional medicinal plant culture of Naxi ethnic in Lijiang.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭