溶剂热法一锅合成亚甲基二苯胺、三亚甲基三苯胺和四亚甲基四苯胺类化合物
One-pot synthesis of methylenedianiline, trimethyltriphenylamine and tetramethylene tetraniline by solvothermal method
投稿时间:2017-04-20  修订日期:2017-10-09
DOI:
中文关键词: 芳香胺  多聚甲醛  溶剂热法  亚甲基二芳胺  三亚甲基三芳胺  四亚甲基四芳胺
英文关键词: aromatic amines  paraformaldehyde  solvothermal method  methylene diarylamine  trimethylene triarylamine  tetramethylene tetraarylamine
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(20702064, 21177161, 31402137); 人事部留学人员科技活动择优资助
作者单位E-mail
陈连清 中南民族大学催化材料科学国家民委-教育部共建重点实验室 武汉430074 lqchen@mail.scuec.edu.cn 
杜艳婷 中南民族大学催化材料科学国家民委-教育部共建重点实验室 武汉43007415827587498  
周泉 中南民族大学催化材料科学国家民委-教育部共建重点实验室 武汉430074  
郭志伟 中南民族大学催化材料科学国家民委-教育部共建重点实验室 武汉430074  
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中文摘要:
      为找到一种更加高效简便的合成亚甲基芳胺类化合物的方法,本文以芳胺和多聚甲醛为原料,使用溶剂热法一锅合成一系列的亚甲基二芳胺、二亚甲基三芳胺(氢化三嗪)和四亚甲基四芳胺类化合物,并对通过红外光谱、核磁共振、元素分析等手段进行了结构表征。考察了苯环上不同的取代基以及反映时间对产物的影响,发现溶剂热法具有后处理简便、产率提高的优势,是一种合成亚甲基二苯胺、三胺、四胺类衍生物的通用方法。并通过光物理性能证明了这些化合物具有良好的荧光性能。
英文摘要:
      In order to find a more efficient and simple method for the synthesis of methylene aromatic amines, a series of methylene diarylamines were synthesized by the solvothermal method using arylamine and paraformaldehyde as starting materials. Tetramethylenetetraaryl amines were synthesized and their structures were characterized by IR, 1HNMR, elemental analysis and so on. The effects of different substituents on the benzene ring and reaction time were investigated. It was found that the solvothermal method has the advantages of simple post-treatment and high yield. It is a new method for the synthesis of methylenedianiline, triamine and tetramine derivatives of the general method. And the photophysical properties of these compounds have been proved to be good.
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