刘丽娜,王雯,李波,王昆.湖北建设用地扩张效应评价与驱动力研究[J].中南民族大学学报自然科学版,2022,41(4):506-512
湖北建设用地扩张效应评价与驱动力研究
Expansionary effect and driving forces of construction land expansion in Hubei
  
DOI:10.12130/znmdzk.20220418
中文关键词: 扩张效应  驱动力  建设用地  湖北
英文关键词: expansionary effect  driving forces  construction land  Hubei
基金项目:国家社会科学基金资助项目(19BMZ119)
作者单位
刘丽娜 湖北师范大学 经济管理与法学院黄石 435002 
王雯 中南民族大学 经济学院 武汉 430070 
李波 中南民族大学 经济学院 武汉 430070 
王昆 武汉市规划研究院 武汉 430019 
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中文摘要:
      采用扩张综合指数法、DEA模型、主成分分析法,从依赖关系、扩张类型、利用效率三方面对湖北建设用地空间扩张效应进行了评价,并探讨了建设用地扩张的驱动力因素,为未来管控建设用地提供参考.研究结果发现:湖北建设用地扩张与经济发展水平整体呈现较强相关关系;建设用地扩张类型分为快速型、低速型和缓慢型三种,80%的建设用地扩张速度都有所减慢,且城市空间发展异质性较强,其中鄂州、武汉扩张速度最快;土地利用效率整体呈现出以武汉为中心的外扩递减式发展格局;人口增长、城市化进程加快、产业结构调整、经济发展与交通发达是湖北建设用地扩张的主要驱动力.提出了应强化省内土地宏观调控与实施规划,积极提高存量建设用地利用强度,统筹区域协调发展与城乡建设土地利用,促进土地空间生态整治与生态重建,以实现土地集约跨越式发展.
英文摘要:
      Using the methods of expanded composite index method, DEA model and principal component analysis, the research evaluated the current situation of spatial expansion of construction land in Hubei from three aspects: dependence relationship, expansion types and utilization efficiency, and discussed the driving factors of construction land expansion, so as to provide reference for the future management and control of construction land. The results showed that there was a strong correlation between the expansion of construction land and the level of economic development in Hubei. There were three types of construction land expansion: fast speed type,low speed type and slow speed type, expansion rate of 80% construction land slowed down, and the heterogeneity of urban spatial development was strong, Ezhou and Wuhan had the fastest expansion rate.The overall land use efficiency showed a decreasing pattern of outward expansion with Wuhan as the center. Population growth, accelerated urbanization, industrial restructuring, economic development and advanced transportation were the main driving factors affecting the expansion of construction land in Hubei. In conclusion,it is necessary to strengthen the macro-control and implementation planning of land in the province, actively improve the utilization intensity of stock construction land, coordinate regional development and urban and rural construction land use, and promote the ecological renovation and ecological reconstruction of land space, so as to realize land intensive development with leaps and bounds.
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